Both tubing and piping carry fluids in industrial applications, but tubing offers several advantages over piping. Tubing is easier to install and maintain, costs less and performs better than piping.
even under severe application because they have either a mechanical metal-to-metal seal or seal with an elastomer to a mating component. Whereas a threaded pipe connection requires heavy equipment to cut threads and use pipe dope or TFE tape to minimize leakage. Tubing offers greater flexibility in systems with fewer connections, meaning fewer potential leak points.
Tubing is cut to length and then deburred, the fittings are tightened onto a nut. Studies have shown that the installation of a 1” tubing system takes about 12 minutes per connection. Compare that to a 1” schedule 40 pipe, which requires about an hour to cut, prep, and align. This often lasts an average of 48 minutes. The cost of skilled pipefitters required to install piping systems makes tubing a financially wise choice.
Tubing in most cases is less expensive than piping. Even with tube fittings have a higher cost than pipe components, in the long run, systems save money due to reduced downtime and simpler assembly and disassembly.